Published on February 22nd, 2017 by Bob Ciura
The idea for the Coffee Can portfolio traces its roots back to the Old West, when people would secure their valuables by putting them in a coffee can.
The coffee can was then placed under their mattress for safe-keeping, where it stayed for years, or even decades.
While the idea might seem outdated in the modern age of the Internet and online trading, its lessons stand the test of time.
This article will discuss the core theories of the Coffee Can portfolio, and how it can help investors earn better returns while keeping more of their hard-earned money.
What is the Coffee Can Portfolio?
The downside of investing in actively-managed funds is that they generate considerable fees.
For example, some funds have a front-end load, or a back-end load, which is basically money paid for investing or divesting from the fund.
In addition, funds typically charge expense ratios—some can be in excess of 1% annually.
If that weren’t bad enough, actively managed funds have high rates of portfolio turnover, which can generate tax liabilities.
Lastly, there are the transaction fees charged by brokers, for buying and selling funds.
A few percentage points may not seem like much, but it can really add up over time. Here’s an illuminating quote from the original Coffee Can Portfolio article, written by a professional money manager:
“The plain fact is that the professional money management fraternity of more than 2,000 firms has produced a ho-hum aggregate result over the years. That is hardly surprising. We usually produce high turnover. Many money managers generate commissions each year that substantially exceed 1% of their assets under management. Thus, for example, firms that manage $1 billion produce $15-$20 million in commissions – a result that is totally incompatible with the word ‘investment.’”
Those frustrated by the seemingly never-ending barrage of fees can take solace in the fact that there could be a better way.
Enter the Coffee Can portfolio.
At the heart of the idea is that investors are collectively paying professional money managers a fortune, for performance that in many cases is subpar.
The article linked above concludes with a powerful statement, regarding the exorbitant fees charged by fund managers:
“I am ending it complaining that professional money management today is really sophisticated trading, rather than investment. We leave a major piece of total investment return on the table in the form of transaction costs.”
First, investors will avoid fees and costs, that eat away at total returns.
Second, investors will let compounding interest work its magic.
The Coffee Can Portfolio: Needed Now More Than Ever
Investors are notoriously bad at leaving their portfolios alone. Much of this is not our own doing; the financial media shares the blame.
With the onset of the 24-hour news cycle, investors are inundated with analyst upgrades and downgrades, stock rumors, and an obsession with short-term performance.
This is all dangerous to your portfolio’s health.
The financial industry feeds off of our inner desire to ‘keep up with the Joneses’. Investors have a tendency to set unrealistic goals for their investment portfolios. At this point, professional money managers convince us that only they are equipped to get us where we want to go.
Add to this, an illogical focus on short-term results, rather than on investing over the long haul.
The Coffee Can portfolio theory advocates for buying stocks with the intention of holding them for years, not days. From the article:
“We can make sound investment decisions on a five-year time horizon with greater certainty than on a six-month time horizon -and also save the investor substantial transaction costs.”
Essentially, the Coffee Can portfolio rescues us from our own bad habit—the instinct to trade stocks, rather than invest in them.
However, in order for the Coffee Can idea to succeed, investors will need to adopt a long-term focus. And, they will need to take control of their financial matters, which could present some complications.
To be sure, the Coffee Can portfolio is not without its limitations.
Investors should not confuse this for willingly abdicating control of their portfolios to someone else—we all need to take an active role in our own financial lives.
The Coffee Can portfolio will only add to the need to take control, because investors will have a very hard time finding an outside adviser to help them construct and manage the Coffee Can portfolio.
After all, the money management industry seems to care more about assets under management—which generates higher fees and commissions—than about performance itself.
The article acknowledges that investors will be hard-pressed finding a Coffee Can portfolio from a professional money manager:
“The Coffee Can portfolio concept has two problems. First, who is going to buy a product, the value of which will take 10 years to evaluate? A decade is likely to exceed the career horizons of most corporate executives and pension fund administrators, to say nothing of most money managers. Second, who will pay the large fee, up front, that is necessary to support a mature, first-class investment research organization needed to select a superior 10-year portfolio?”
What this means is that investors assuming their financial advisor will help them craft a Coffee Can portfolio are likely to be disappointed.
But the higher level of responsibility involved can also be liberating—it saves investors from the outrageous fees charged by professional money managers.
For investors looking to start a Coffee Can portfolio that can generate excellent returns over time, without the fees of a professional money manager, start with the Dividend Kings.
The Dividend Kings are a select group of stocks that have raised their dividends for the past 50 consecutive years.
You can see the entire list of Dividend Kings here.
Dividend growth stocks, like the ones that populate the list of Dividend Kings, have trounced the S&P 500 over long periods of time.
And, the beauty of owning individual stocks is that there are no fees or commissions to eat into your returns.
The key takeaway is that the Coffee Can portfolio is an attainable idea for every single investor.